According to World Health Organisation (WHO)Swachh Bharat Mission Gramin (SBM-G) will result in preventing more than three lakh deaths due to diarrhoea and protein-energy malnutrition between 2014-October 2019.

·       The progress report on potential health impact from increased sanitation coverage through the SBM-G, said India’s rural sanitation coverage escalated to 89.07%.

·       The report notes that under the SBM-G, 19 States and Union Territories were declared Open Defecation Free (ODF) and 7.9 crore toilets were built, while 421 districts were declared ODF. Also, more than 4.9 lakh villages in the country were declared ODF.

·       The WHO study showed that before the initiation of SBM-G, unsafe sanitation caused 199 million cases of diarrhoea annually and that by 2019, the initiative aims to achieve 100% sanitation coverage.

The report further estimated that 14 million Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) can be avoided between 2014 and 2019.

Key Words: SBM, WHO, Sanitation



Why in News?

A 10 kg rotary drone co-developed by Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd (HAL) and IIT-Kanpur was recently flown for the first time.

·       The 10-minute flight of the helicopter-like RUAV or the Rotary Wing Unmanned Aerial Vehicle was powered by a 2-stroke petrol engine.

·       The RUAV can carry a 2.5-kg payload or instrument including a live-streaming video camera. It can operate for an hour and travel 8-10 km.

Apart from military and civil helicopters, the centre is designing and developing rotary UAVs for defence, paramilitary forces and homeland security.

·       The RUAV is the first outcome of HAL’s R&D tie-ups with academic institutions such as IITs of Madras, Roorkee, Kharagpur, Bombay, Kanpur and the Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru.

Key words: Rotary Drone, HAL



The Govthad notified the UGC (Promotion of Academic Integrity and Prevention of Plagiarism in Higher Education Institutions) Regulations, 2018.

·       Student researchers found guilty of plagiarism may lose their registration and teachers could lose their jobs as the Human Resource Development Ministry approved new regulations on plagiarism drafted by the University Grants Commission (UGC).

·       Plagiarism of up to 10% would not invite any penalty while that of between 10 and 40% would mean the students will have to submit a revised research paper within six months.

·       In case the similarities are between 40 and 60%, students will be debarred from submitting a revised paper for one year.

·        A student’s registration for a programme will be cancelled if the similarities are above 60%.

Teachers whose academic and research papers have similarities ranging from 10 to 40% with other papers will be asked to withdraw the manuscript.

·       In case the similarities are between 40 and 60%, they will not be allowed to supervise new masters, M.Phil, PhD students for two years and will also be denied the right to one annual increment.

·       In case of repeat plagiarism of over 60% similarity, the faculty members will be suspended, even dismissed.

·       The new regulations prescribe that if any member of the academic community suspects plagiarism, he or she shall report it to the Departmental Academic Integrity Panel.

Key Words: Plagiarism, UGC, Higher Education



Why in News?

Supreme Court told the government that cases of constitutional importance and social matters of constitutional gravity, even if heard by a three-judge Bench, should be beamed live to the masses.

·       The Court was assuaging apprehensions raised by the government that matrimonial cases and cases involving victims of sexual assault or violence should not be live-streamed.

·       The court made it clear that the objective of live-streaming of the proceedings was not publicity in a country where privacy is a fundamental right, but rather, reaching out to the public to show them how Constitutional and social matters are decided by the court.

·       The court asked the govtto compile holistic guidelines on the aspect of live-streaming.


Key Words: Supreme Court, Live Proceedings of Court





The State government has decided to conduct an in-depth study to assess the impact of de-siltation of tanks taken up under the prestigious Mission Kakatiya project.

·       The study would cover aspects like impact of de-siltation on water availability for irrigation, changes in cropping pattern and recharge of groundwater.

·       It would incorporate economic valuation in terms of nutrients applied, increased crop yield, chemical fertilisers saved and crop intensification.

The government has entered into a memorandum of agreement (MoA) with International Crop Research Institute for Semi Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), which would conduct the study over a period of two years.

It would involve random selection of 5% of de-silted tanks in Phase-I and II spread over 30 districts and collection of soil samples for analysis in addition to hydrology with respect to water recharged, including the zone of influence of groundwater recharge.

Key Words: Mission Kakatiya, ICRISAT, Telangana



The State government has decided to introduce the mid-day meal scheme not just in Intermediate colleges, but in all government-run degree colleges, and polytechnic ones as well as those offering vocational courses.

·       The government aims to supply nutritious food to students in these colleges spread across 31 districts in the State through AkshayaPatra Foundation.


Key Words:Mid day Meals, Telangana, AkshayaPatra



Article 1: Swachh Baharat Mission –Grameen (SBM-G)

Why in news?

WHO released a report on “Potential health impact from increase sanitation coverage through   SBM-G”?

What did the report say about SBM-G?

1.      It said SBM-G prevented greater than 3 lakh deaths due to diarrhoea, protein –energy malnutrition between 2014-2019 October.

2.      Rural Sanitation coverage increased to 89 %.

3.      Stats on Open Deification Free (ODF) declaration

a.      19 states and Union territories were declared ODF.

b.      421 districts were declared ODF.

c.      40.09 lakh villages were declared ODF.

4.      7.9 Crore toilets were built.

5.      14million Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) can be avoided between 2014 and 2018.


Fodder points:

a.      Swachh Baharat Mission has two components namely

1.      Swachh Bharat Mission Grameen (SBM-G) is the rural component. It is under Ministry of Drinking water and sanitation.

2.      SwachhBaharat Mission Urban (SBM-U) is urban component .It is under Ministry of Urban Development.

b.      Sanitation and health are deeply related.

c.      Before SBM-G was implemented there were 119 million cases of diarrhoea annually.

d.      SBM aims at 100% sanitation coverage by 2019.

e.      DALYs-measure of overall disease burden ,expressed as number of years lost due to

1.      Ill health.

2.      Disability.

3.      Early death.

f.       Use of DALYs:to compare overall life expectancy of different countries.