PM Modi says India to launch its first manned space mission by 2022

What in news:

·        India will launch its first manned space mission by 2022, Prime Minister NarendraModiwhich could make it the fourth nation to do so after the United States, Russia and China.

About news:

·        An Indian astronaut, be it a man or a woman, will go on a space odyssey by 2022 on board 'Gaganyaan', Prime Minister NarendraModi said in his Independence Day address from the Red Fort in Delhi.

·        PM Modi said when India celebrates 75th year of Independence in 2022, "and if possible even before, an Indian son or daughter" will be part of a manned space mission on board 'Gaganyaan' "carrying the national flag".

Facts:

·        The proposed human spaceflight programme (HSP) has been on table since 2004.

·        ISRO is still long way away, despite advancements in some critical technologies required to send astronaut being into space.

·        The mission will be completed at budget of Rs 10,000 crore and some of technology components required for it already have been developed.

·        This includes heavy-lift launch vehicle (GLSV Mark-III), re-entry and recovery technology, crew module, Environmental Control and Life Support System (ECLSS) and astronaut training..

·        The required key technologies ISRO still has to develop for such mission

·        It includes ability to launch, recover and ensure earth-like conditions for astronauts

·        ISRO so far has successfully tested many of the technologies required for such a manned mission, but there are still others to be developed and tested.

·        Successfully tested technologies are In December 2014, experimental flight of GSLV Mk-III was successfully tested.

·        It also had successfully tested experimental crew module, demonstrating reentry capability.

·        In June 2017, first developmental flight of GSLV Mk-III was successfully conducted. In July 2018, first successful flight of crew escape system was tested.

Expected prelims question:

Consider the following statements:

1.      India has launched its first manned space mission by 2022

2.      heavy-lift launch vehicle (GLSV Mark-III), re-entry and recovery technology has been developed in India

which of above statements are/is correct?

a)      Only1

b)      Only 2

c)      Both 1 and 2

d)      None of above

Ans – b

 

Expected mains question:

Critically analyse the role of science and technology in India’s Inclusive Growth.